Structural modelling of rice fields-buffalo livestock based integrated agricultural systems in the context of regional development in Humbang Hasundutan, Indonesia

  • Hotden Leonardo Nainggolan Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas HKBP Nommensen Medan Indonesia
  • Johndikson Aritonang Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, University of HKBP Nommensen, North Sumatra, Indonesia
  • Marlon Sihombing Faculty of Social and Political, Universitas Sumatera Utara, North Sumatra, Indonesia
  • Tavi Supriana Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sumatera Utara, North Sumatra Indonesia
  • Ma'ruf Tafsin Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sumatera Utara, North Sumatra Indonesia


This study analyses the influence of external and internal agriculture conditions on rice fields-buffalo livestock-based integrated agricultural systems in the context of regional development in the Humbang Hasundutan District. The method of analyzing data in research is structural equation modeling (SEM) with IBM SPSS® Amos 22 device. The results indicate that both external and internal agricultural conditions have a significant, positive influence on both rice field-buffalo livestock integrated agricultural systems and regional development. Furthermore, rice fields-buffalo livestock integrated agricultural systems have a significant positive influence on regional development. The direct influence of external agriculture conditions on regional development is 0,26. The indirect influence of external agriculture conditions on regional development by the intermediate of integrated agriculture systems is 0,32 and total influence is 0,58. Furthermore, the indirect influence of internal agriculture conditions on regional development is 0,24. The indirect influence of internal agriculture conditions on regional development by the intermediate of integrated agriculture systems is 0,28, with a total influence is 0,52. Based on the conclusion it is suggested that the government; a) provide guidance to improve farmers' knowledge of integrated agricultural systems; b) improve farmers’ ability to develop their farms so as to have an impact on increasing incomes; c) establish agricultural development programmes for the longer-term increase of production, which will have an impact on regional economic growth; d) assist farmers by providing access to capital for agricultural development ensure the stability of output prices of agricultural products.

Keywords: external conditions, integrated agriculture, rice fields, income, regional development, Indonesia

Data of the article

First received: 10 July 2018 | Last revision received: 26 August 2019
Accepted: 26 August 2019 | Published online: 30 November 2019



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How to Cite
Nainggolan, H. L., Aritonang, J., Sihombing, M., Supriana, T., & Tafsin, M. (2019). Structural modelling of rice fields-buffalo livestock based integrated agricultural systems in the context of regional development in Humbang Hasundutan, Indonesia. Future of Food: Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society, 7(2), Article Nr. 106. Retrieved from