Dependency and Economic Benefits of Use of Wild Food Plants use among Tribal Communities in Malai Madeshawara Hills Wildlife Sanctuary, Southern India (2021-01-29)
Wild food plant resources and their indigenous knowledge of use, are in danger of being lost in areas where rapid environmental and cultural transformations have led to changes in eating habits and practices. The study assesses the dependency and economic value of wild food plant use among forest-dwelling communities. Community perceptions are used to assess the use patterns and interrelations of human well-being. The data is collected through a combination of semi-structured interviews, household questionnaire survey, and focus group discussions in eight villages. Wild food plants are of vital importance to local communities in terms of food security, dietary diversity, and household economy. Local communities use wild plant species as vegetables, fruits, beverages, in traditional therapeutic practices, and as a symbol of ethnic identity. The taxonomical distribution and diversity of 124 species belonging to 57 families and 91 genera are assessed. The cash value of wild food plants to a household range from ₹ 3200 to 6000 per year. These plants are a reliable safety net for many households and play a vital role in the livelihoods of the local people. The study emphasizes the dependency and livelihood importance of these plants.
Climate change impact on economic and irrigation requirements for sugarcane crop in Egypt (2021-02-12)
Availability of irrigation water is considered one of the major challenges faced by Egypt during current time and will be more difficult in the future with the limited water resources and linearly increase of population. The current study investigates irrigation demand for sugarcane cultivation areas in the Middle and Upper Egypt Governorates (Menia, Asyut, Sohag, Qena, Luxor and Aswan) during current time and under RCPs scenarios. The current data was collected from 1971 till 2000. The RCP data were collected for different scenarios (RCP 3, RCP 4.5, RCP 6 and RCP 8.5) during three time series (2011-2040, 2041-2070 and 2071-2100). The highest evapotranspiration values during current and future conditions was found in Luxor and Aswan governorates; while the lowest evapotranspiration values were recorded in Menia and Asyut. All RCPs scenarios were significantly higher than current conditions. Moreover, the highest irrigation requirements under RCP scenarios were recorded in Aswan and Luxor under RCP 8.5 during 2071-2100 time series. While the lowest irrigation requirement under climate change were found in Menia under RCP3 during 2011-2040 time series. Irrigation requirement for sugarcane under current and future condition was demonstrated by interpolated maps.
Determination Of The Factors Affecting The Amount Of Food Waste Generated From Households In Turkey (2021-02-12)
Aim of this study is to put forward and discuss the analysis results of various factors, on the creation of food waste from households.Online survey application was used with 1488 individuals participated in the study 32.9% of the participants stated that they form 0-1 kg of food waste.The main reasons for food waste are;mouldy food etc.,food left in the refrigerator for too long and the expiration date of food.There was a negative significant association between the amount of food waste in households and age, living place, control of refrigerator/storage cabinet before shopping and preparation of shopping list the time of determination of food to be cooked and frequency of preparing meals with fresh foods, while there was a positive significant association between the amount of food waste in households and household average food consumption per week, a number of women living at home, frequency of food shopping, buying food that is not needed when shopping, frequency of noticing that you forgot to use food once you used in refrigerator/storage cabinet and not use them again, frequency of ordering food at home, frequency of food preparation with prepared food products, and frequency of thinking that portion size of dish was large when cooking or serving a meal. Also, it has been found that there is a statistically significant relationship between the amount of food waste with the profession, shopping place and feeling guilty when throwing food away(p<0.05).Based on the study results, to prevent waste generation behaviours of individuals,effective initiatives can be made with awareness campaigns in various areas.